Technical inspection of vehicles


Technical inspections are performed out in order to check the roadworthiness of vehicles participating in road traffic.

 

  • The technical inspection is the procedure whereby the legal person for technical inspection determines the data about the vehicle, its systems, components and separate technical units and equipment, as well as the fulfillment of other requirements for them stipulated by the Law on vehicles, the regulations adopted basis of that law and the manufacturer's instructions for devices and equipment used in technical inspections.
  • When the technical inspection is performing, it determines whether the vehicle was in good condition prescribed devices, particularly device management, power brakes, tires and appliances for giving light signals to illuminate the road and the vehicle and combustion gases , and whether they meet the other requirements for participation in traffic.


The Law on vehicles provided two types of technical inspection on vehicles:


1. Regular technical inspection

  • Regular periodic technical inspection

2. Extraordinary technical review


1. Regular technical inspection


Vehicles involved in road traffic, with the exception of tillers and working machines, must be examined on the first and on the periodic technical inspections.


Description of the procedure

 

  1. The technical inspection of the vehicle is performed by two controllers simultaneously, one in the vehicle who is operating with it and another undertaking the technical examination of the vehicle.
  2.  The owner or holder of the right to use the vehicle may monitor the technical inspection performed on the vehicle.
  3. The technical inspection will be performed only if the vehicle is clean stained and there is no visible damage to the body of the vehicle.
  4. Usually the technical inspection is performed on empty vehicle only with the controller that manages or driver and controller and the mandatory equipment, with except for the technical examination of the vehicle off due to a technical malfunction that can be performed out on loaded vehicle (Associate technical inspection).
  5. If the technical inspection determined that the vehicle is technically correct, then is issued a written document that appoints deadline when the vehicle needs to come again on technical inspection.

 

  • Periodical technical examination are made every six months for :
  • vehicles for public transportation
  • Buses ,
  • vehicles that are used to qualify the candidates for driving ,
  • vehicles that are used for transportation of kids ,
  • vehicles that have right to pass first, escort vehicles, or vehicles that are used by the fire department
  • rent a car vehicles and
  • vehicles used for transportation of dangerous materials


2. Extraordinary technical inspection

Extraordinary technical inspections are performed over vehicles by the written order of the authorized official in cases and manner specified by the law to perform their inspection. The extraordinary technical inspection does not affect the deadline for execution of periodic technical inspection.

The procedure for performing technical inspection takes place in the following stages laid down by the Regulation on technical inspection of motor vehicles and trailers, tractors and agricultural tractors :

 

  • Identification of the vehicle ;
  • Check the mass values and the dimensions of the vehicle ;
  • Drainage device and discharge of combustion gases ;
  • Examination of the breaking device;
  • Overview of devices enabling normal visibility ;
  • Examination of the traction coupling device of the towing vehicle and trailer;
  • Review of the driving plant body or the self-sustaining construction
  • Axles, wheels and tyre inspection ;
  • Steering system inspection ;
  • Engine inspection and inspection of driving devices ;
  • Visual and light – signalizing inspection ;
  • Control and signalizing inspection ;
  • Audio/sound signalization inspection ;
  • Inspection of other devices and equipment